narrow portable platform used as a passage, by persons entering or leaving
a vessel moored alongside a pier or quay.
General Agreements on Tariffs and
Gross Domestic Product: The total
value of goods and services produced by a nation over a given period,
usually 1 year.
A non-bulk oil
cargo composed of miscellaneous goods.
Gross National Product: GDP plus
the net income accruing from foreign sources.
Cargo owned by
or subsidized by the Federal Government.
Ports in the
lakes of Canada and/or USA popular for grain shipments. In Canada: Port
Arthur and Fort William in Lake Superior; Hamilton, Kingston, Toronto and
Prescott in Lake Ontario. In USA: Chicago, Milwaukee in Lake Michigan;
Duluth and Superior in Lake Superior and Toledo in Lake Erie.
developed to carry raw materials and manufactured goods on the Great
Lakes. Most carry bulk cargoes of grain, iron ore or coal.
collected or to be collected without calculating the expenses relating to
the running cost of the ship for the voyage undertaken.
common measurement of the internal volume of a ship with certain spaces
excluded. One ton equals 100 cubic feet; the total of all the enclosed
spaces within a ship expressed in tons each of which is equivalent to 100
Deliberate contact by a
ship with the bottom while she is moored or anchored as a result of the
water level dropping.