charges against all seagoing vessels entering a harbor, to cover
maintenance of channel depths, buoys, lights, etc. all harbors do not
necessarily have this charge.
A person usually
having the experience of a certificated master mariner and having a good
knowledge of the characteristics of the port and its whole area. He
administers the entire shipping movements that take place in and within
reach of the port he is responsible for.
A vessel which
has gone aground and is incapable of refloating under her own
which is sound enough to be accepted internationally and which is usually
(1893). This U.S.
statute refers to merchandise or property transported from or between
ports of the United States and foreign ports. Now partially superseded by
the US Carriage of Goods by Sea Act of 1936.
An opening, generally rectangular,
in a ship's deck affording access into the compartment below.
Large strong rope used for towing
purposes and for securing or mooring ships. Hawsers are now mostly made of
A tiller or a wheel generally
installed on the bridge or wheelhouse of a ship to turn the rudder during
manoeuvering and navigation. It is in fact the steering wheel of the
wire rope for lifting purposes, generally being of six strands with 19
wires in each strand and in most cases having a hemp rope at the
A general name for the
spaces below the main deck designated for stowage of general cargo. A hold
on a tanker is usually just forward of #1 cargo tank. Some newer tankers
have no hold.
A vessel used for the
transportation of passengers and cargo riding on a cushion of air formed
under it. It is very maneuverable and is also amphibious.
Shell or body of a
A craft more or
less similar to the Hovercraft insofar as it flies over water and thus
eliminates friction between the water and the hull. Under acceleration it
rises above water but remains in contact with the surface through