Vietnam plans to equitize some first class ports including Hai Phong, Da Nang, Quang Ninh, Saigon and Quy Nhon, a part of the program to call for private investment into the infrastructure development.
A series of ports to be equitized
It is expected that 3 ports of Quy Nhon, Da Nang and Hai
Phong would see the equitization process completed in 2013. Meanwhile, the
equitization of the Saigon port would begin later, because it needs to be
relocated to the Hiep Phuoc area before the equitization starts.
In the latest news, Le Cong Minh, General Director of the Saigon Port, said on
Saigon Tiep Thi that if the proposals of the ports are approved, he can be sure
that the relocation of the port would be completed by the end of 2014.
The Vietnam National Shipping Lines (Vinalines) has reportedly decided that the
Quy Nhon port would be the first unit of the corporation to go equitized. The
procedures are hoped to be completed prior to June 30, 2013, which means that
the port would operate under the mode of a joint stock company from July, in
which Vinalines would still hold 75 percent of the chartered capital.
Vietnam plans to sell 25-49 percent of stakes to investors to diversify the
investment sources and ease the investment burden on the state budget.
The equitization also aims to improve the efficiency of the seaports, assisting
the process of restructuring the maritime industry, help ease the difficulties
being faced by the shipping lines. The changes of the management mechanism are
believed to help improve the business performance.
As planned, some 10 first class ports and the units belonging to Vinalines
would be put into equitization.
How and when?
Though the government has shown its determination to speed up the equitization
process, experts still have doubts that the plan can be fulfilled soon.
Thoi bao Kinh te Saigon has quoted Nguyen Ngoc Toi, Secretary of the Board of
Members of the Saigon Port as saying that it would be very difficult to
transfer a part of capital when going equitized.
Meanwhile, the portís management board has been busy with the relocation. The
most important thing they need to do now is to seek capital to speed up the
Minh said that he has proposed the government to act as the guarantee for its
borrowings, or to instruct the Vietnam Development Bank to lend to the port at
the preferential interest rates.
Itís obviously very difficult to seek capital from commercial banks which only
accept to provide short term loans at high interest rates.
Minh has also proposed the Ministry of Finance to allow the Saigon port to
suspend the payment of the ODA (official development assistance) loanís
interests for 3 years. Saigon Port now has to pay $1,086,750 every year for the
loan, which includes $942,950 in principal and $143,800 in interests.
Itís difficult to call for investment into port development
According to Dr. Nguyen Huy Hoang from the Transport Strategy and Development
Institute, by the end of 2012, the ports in Vietnam had had the total capacity
of $294.5 million tons per annum.
It is expected that Vietnam would need some VND360-440 trillion, or $18-22
billion to develop its port development.
However, Hoang said itís very difficult to call for private investment into big
ports such as Van Phong or Lach Huyen, though these have been cited as the most
important projects in the port development program.