The port security plan should be based on the Port Security
Assessment (PSA) and include:
- Details of the security organization of the port.
- Details of the port’s links with other relevant authorities
and the necessary communications systems to allow the
effective continuous operation of the organization and
its links with others.
- Details of security level 1 measures, both operational
and physical, that will be in place.
- Details of the additional security measures that
will allow the port to progress without delay to security
level 2 and, when necessary, to security level 3.
- Provision for the regular review, or audit of the
PSP and for its amendment in response to experience
or changing circumstances.
- Details of the reporting procedures to the appropriate
member States’ contact points.
- Details of the necessary liaison and coordination
between the PSO and any PFSOs.
- Identification of restricted areas and measures to
protect them at different security levels.
- Procedures for the verification of identity documents.
- Requirements for drills and exercises carried out
at appropriate intervals to ensure the effective implementation
of the PSP.
The PSP should refer to, and take into account,
any other existing port emergency plan or other security
The PSP should be protected from unauthorized
access or disclosure.
Security Plan (PSP)
1. The PSP should be compatible
with the ISPS Code, ship security plan and port facility
2. It is not intended that the PSP should
duplicate or replace the PFSP. It may however identify the
relationship with the port facility and provide the transition
of maritime security from the ship through the port facility
into and from the port.
3. The PSP should address at least the
following for each security level:
3.1. Identify the person in the port designated
to receive security-sensitive information affecting the
3.2. Measures designed to prevent unauthorized
weapons or any dangerous substances and devices intended
for use against persons, port assets or infrastructure and
facilities from being introduced into the port.
3.3. Identify restricted areas of the port
and measures designed to prevent unauthorized access.
3.4. Procedures for responding to security
threats to the port, or breaches of security including provisions
to maintain critical operations of the port.
3.5. Approve the security measures required
at each security level and, in particular, procedures for
responding to any security instructions the member State
may give at security level 3.
3.6. Procedures for evacuation in the event
of a security incident.
3.7. Duties of port personnel assigned
3.8. Procedures for interfacing with port
facility security activities.
3.9. Procedures for periodic review and
updating of the plan.
3.10. Procedures for reporting security
3.11. Identification of the PSO and 24-hour
3.12. Measures to ensure the security of
information contained in the plan including, where appropriate,
proprietary information of members of the port community.
3.13. Measures to prevent interference
or theft of port property and equipment, and inbound and
outbound material, stores and cargo.
3.14. Procedures for auditing the port
3.15. Procedures for responding to security
alarm activation at the port facility or other restricted
area in the port.
3.16. Procedures to facilitate the movement
and access of seafarers including representatives of seafarer
welfare organizations and workers’ organizations to the
port, port facility and ship as appropriate.
4. The port security plan may be used in
addition to identify and communicate:
4.1. Permitted inbound and outbound passenger
4.2. Inbound and outbound seafarer routing
(from/to port facility/between port facilities).
4.3. Holding areas and routing for inbound
and outbound (inter-ship/port facility) and transiting cargo,
materials, stores and traffic.
4.4. Approved holding areas for dangerous
goods and hazardous material.
4.5. The form of the physical interface
with the port facility (facilities) and movement of persons,
material, stores and cargo between port facilities.
4.6. Safe and secure routes to, and area
for holding suspect explosive devices and other suspicious
Roles and tasks
5. The designated authority should require
that all ports devise a PSP and nominate a PSO who along
with the PSAC should implement the plan.
Format and content
of the PSP
6. By way of example the following is given
to assist the production of the PSP that may be made up
of or contain the following information.
7. Front/header page
Name of port area
List of associated plans
List of members of port security advisory committee
Name, appointment and signature of person approving the
Date of approval
Authority for issue
Date of issue
8. Distribution list – for unclassified
and classified parts of the plan.
9. Record of changes – explanation of change
procedures and tasks of plan holders to amend the plan and
10. Table of contents – appendices may
be used to segregate classified or commercially sensitive
information and only distributed to those members of the
port community approved to receive the information.
11. Introduction. An explanation of the
background, circumstances and objective of the port security
plan. Include major objectives and security policies, e.g.
to deter detect and respond through promotion of a high
level of security awareness and training.
12. Security policy statement. Include
a statement of the port security policy.
13. Assumptions, e.g.:
13.1. That unlawful acts may occur at any
time with little or no warning.
13.2. Protection of human life, health
and security is the most important consideration in development
of the plan.
13.3. Maintaining the free flow of commerce
and function of the port is a critical consideration.
13.4. That no single entity can provide
all the resources required to provide adequate security
measures and response to the consequences of an unlawful
13.5. That other disaster and contingency
plans (e.g. dangerous goods, hazardous material or natural
disaster response) will be activated as appropriate in response
to any security incident.
13.6. That all members of the port community
will voluntarily support and participate in measures to
secure the port and its functions.
14. Port security advisory committee charter if
applicable or authority for formation and:
14.1. Brief of role and task of the PSAC,
14.1.1. To consult and advise on the implementation
of the PSP and other security matters as appropriate.
14.1.2. Develop procedures for sharing
and communication of security-related information.
14.1.3. Promote security awareness as the
deterrent to unlawful acts.
15. Organization and membership of the
PSAC. Make up of members of the PSAC and the relationship
with other port and national or local planning committees.
16. The Port. Define the geographical and
functional perimeter [boundaries] and make up of the port
including all waterways and modes of transport, infrastructure
and port and commercial functions.
17. Include associated infrastructure,
facilities, functions and secondary ports to which a security
threat may relate and that may be included in the main plan
or other security plans.
18. List local law enforcement agencies and municipal
emergency and support services (include local hospital/medical
facilities) that may contribute to response and consequence
19. Maps and charts. Provide maps and charts
showing all salient features and location of operations,
functions and routes and access points including appropriate
navigation channels. This may be attached as an annex to
20. Operations and functions. Detail maritime
and non-maritime operations and functions.
21. Critical operations and activities.
Identify and describe all critical operations and other
significant activities carried out in the port area.
22. Security levels:
22.1. Security level 1. The level for which
minimum appropriate protective security measures shall be
maintained at all times.
22.2. Security level 2. The level for which
appropriate additional protective security measures shall
be maintained for a period of time as a result of heightened
risk of a security incident.
22.3. Security level 3. The level for which
further specific protective security measures shall be maintained
for a limited period of time when a security incident is
probable or imminent although it may not be possible to
identify the specific target.
23. Communications. Describe and detail
the means of communicating security level(s), changes to
the security level and methods of raising alarm in the event
of an incident.
24. Security measures, procedures and operations.
Tabulate and list in detail all security measures and operations
that are to be implemented in the port at each security
level in response to issues identified in the security assessment.
25. This should cover personnel security,
perimeter and physical barriers, access control and all
approved security measures. It should detail the roles and
tasks of all members of the port community to establish/monitor/control,
as appropriate, restricted areas and navigation zones.
26. It may be appropriate to use existing
procedures to aid communication, implementation and testing.
Where appropriate functional operating procedures and working
instructions are in existence it may be feasible to add
security elements to such procedures and working instructions.
For example if there is an existing written operational
procedure for checking contents of inbound vehicles against
other documentation or information it may be possible to
include security inspection of the contents in the existing
authorities and tasks
27. Detail how and by whom security procedures
will be implemented.
to other plans and organizations
28. List all other plans and organizations
that may contribute to, relate to or impact on the PSP.
29. Identify and list agencies and contacts
responsible for responding, to mitigate the cause or consequence
of an incident. Devise, tabulate and communicate a response
plan for every perceived incident.
PSP review and
30. Define the policy and procedures to
review and maintain the PSP.
31. Define the distribution, dissemination
and security of the plan, or parts of the plan, to achieve
widest communication of its requirements without compromising
security or proprietary information.
32. Detail training requirements for port
personnel to fulfil their role and that of their organization
in carrying out tasks under the PSP.
33. Methods should be detailed to carry out drills and exercises
and to test the plan periodically, to check that it remains
current and achievable by identifying changes that may impact
on any critical response, resource or consequence factor.
Code of practice on security in ports
Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Security, Safety
and Health in Ports