The owners of a ship are entitled to payment as freight for merchandise
returned through the fault of either the consignees or the consignors.
Such payment, which is over and above the normal freight, is called
A deviation to move cargo on the
return leg of a voyage for the purpose of minimizing ballast mileage and
thereby reducing transportation costs.
Various kinds of
commodities usually packed in sacks or in bags, such as sugar, cement,
milk powder, onion, grain, flour, etc.
Heavy substances loaded
by a vessel to improve stability, trimming, sea-keeping and to increase
the immersion at the propeller. Sea water ballast is commonly' loaded in
most vessels in ballast tanks, positioned in compartments right at the
bottom and in some cases on the sides, called wing tanks. On a tanker,
ballast is seawater that is taken into the cargo tanks to submerge the
vessel to a proper trim.
A voyage or
voyage leg made without any paying cargo in a vessel's tanks. To maintain
proper stability, trim, or draft, sea water is usually carried during such
the bottom of a ship or on the sides which are filled with liquids for
stability and to make the ship seaworthy. Any shipboard tank or
compartment on a tanker normally used for carrying salt water ballast.
When these compartments or tanks are not connected with the cargo system
they are called segregated ballast tanks or systems.
A charter in
which the bare ship is chartered without crew; the charterer, for a
stipulated sum taking over the vessel for a stated period of time, with a
minimum of restrictions; the charterer appoints the master and the crew
and pays all running expenses. See Demise Charter.
Flat-bottomed boat designed to
carry cargo on inland waterways, usually without engines or crew
accommodations. Barges can be lashed together and either pushed or pulled
by tugs, carrying cargo of 60,000 tons or more. Small barges for carrying
cargo between ship and shore are known as lighters.
A way of
loading cargo into large barges and then in turn loading the barges into a
to carry either barges or containers exclusively, or some variable number
of barges and containers simultaneously. Currently this class includes two
types of vessels, the LASH and the SEABEE.
Barrels per day (measure of
The width of a ship. Also called
the owner who receives the benefits or profits from the
When a liner
cargo vessel accepts extra cargo to fill up the empty space
A document by
which the Master of a ship acknowledges having received in good order and
condition (or the reverse) certain specified goods consigned to him by
some particular shipper, and binds himself to deliver them in similar
condition, unless the perils of the sea, fire or enemies prevent him, to
the consignees of the shippers at the point of destination on their paying
him the stipulated freight. A bill of lading specifies the name of the
master, the port and destination of the ship, the goo4s, the consignee,
and the rate of freight.
Cargo banned by
general cargo workers for some reason. This ban could be because the cargo
is dangerous or hazardous to health.
A slang expression
referring to the personnel in the engine department aboard
Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Department of Labor.
unlicensed rating in the deck department who has immediate charge of all
deck hands and who in turn comes under the direct orders of the master or
chief mate or mate.
Steam generating units used aboard
ship to provide steam for propulsion (and) for heating and other auxiliary
at the lower sea-covered part of the bow of the ship which turns at right
angles to the fore-and-aft line and thus provides transverse thrust as a
multipurpose, cargo ship that carriers cargoes of nonuniform sizes, often
on pallets, resulting in labor-intensive loading and unloading; calls at
various ports to pick up different kinds of cargoes.
The process of
assimilating many small shipments into one large shipment at a central
point so that economies of scale may be achieved; to commence discharge of
Used loosely to refer
to the navigating section of the vessel where the wheel house and chart
room are located; erected structure amidships or aft or very rarely fore
over the main deck of a ship to accommodate the wheelhouse.
Cargo shipped in loose condition
and of a homogeneous nature. Cargoes that are shipped unpackaged either
dry, such as grain and ore, or liquid, such as petroleum products. Bulk
service generally is not provided on a regularly scheduled basis, but
rather as needed, on specialized ships, transporting a specific
specifically designed to transport vast amounts of cargoes such as sugar,
grain, wine, ore, chemicals, liquefied natural gas; coal and oil. See also
LNG Carrier, Tanker, OBO Ship.
A name given to any vertical
partition which separates different compartments or spaces from one
Fuel consumed by the engines of a
ship; compartments or tanks in a ship for fuel storage.
A floating object employed as an
aid to mariners to mark the navigable limits of channels, their fairways,
sunken dangers, isolated rocks, telegraph cables, and the like; floating
devices fixed in place at sea, lake or river as reference points for
navigation or for other purposes.