Actual time of
Actual time of departure
Classification of items in an inventory according to importance defined in terms
of criteria such as sales volume and purchase volume.
carrier's ability to provide service between an origin and a
A carrier's charge for accessorial services such as
loading, unloading, pickup, and delivery.
An alert that an MRP or
DRP system generates to
inform the controller of a situation requiring his or her attention.
Goods in active pick locations and ready for order filling.
A method of cost management that identifies business
activities performed, accumulates costs associated with these activities, and
uses various cost drivers to trace costs of activities to the
Ad Valorem Duty:
advanced shipment notice
A list transmitted to a customer or consignor designating
items shipped. May also include expected time of arrival.
rate bureau publication that contains rates for many carriers.
enterprise authorized to transact business for, or in the name of, another
net advantage a company gains by sharing a common location with other
A reduced rate offered to a shipper who tenders two or more
class-related shipments at one time and one place.
Freight that is moved by air transportation.
enterprise that offers transportation service via air.
exempt for-hire air carrier that will fly anywhere on demand; air taxis are
restricted to a maximum payload and passenger capacity per plane.
Air Transport Association of
A U.S. airline industry association.
A bill of lading for air transport that serves
as a receipt for the shipper, indicates that the carrier has accepted the goods
listed, obligates the carrier to carry the consignment to the airport of
destination according to specified conditions.
An agent appointed by an airline to solicit and process international airfreight
Containers designed to conform to the inside of an
aircraft. There are many shapes and sizes of containers. Aircargo containers
fall into three categories: 1) aircargo pallets 2) lower deck containers 3) box
Airport and Airway Trust
A federal fund that collects passenger ticket taxes and
disburses those funds for airport facilities.
used when the transportation is completely by water.
An air carrier that transports cargo only.
American National Standards
ANSI was founded in 1918 to
coordinate national standards in the U.S. ANSI is the central body responsible
for the identification of a single consistent set of voluntary standards called
American National Standards. ANSI provides an open forum for the identification
of standards requirements, development of plans to meet those requirements, and
agreement on standards. ANSI itself does not develop standards. In 1979 ANSI
chartered a new committee, which in now known as Accredited Standards Committee
(ASC) X12 Electronic Data Interchange, to develop uniform standards
electronic interchange of business transactions.
American Society of
Transportation & Logistics:
A professional organization in the
field of logistics.
American Trucking Association,
A motor carrier industry association composed of
sub-conferences representing various motor carrier industry sectors.
A domestic water carrier industry association
representing barge operators on inland waterways.
National Railroad Passenger Corporation, a federally created corporation that
operates most of the United States' intercity passenger rail service.
See American National Standards
A rate that applies to any size shipment tendered to a
carrier; no discount rate is available for large shipments.
A notice from the delivering carrier to the Notify Party indicating the
shipment's arrival date at a specific location (normally the
A field of research seeking to understand and
computerize the human thought process.
transfer of rights, duties, responsibilities, and benefits of an agreement,
contract, or financial instrument to a third party.
Association of American
A railroad industry association that represents the
larger U.S. railroads.
Tariff Filing Information System
reference to freight bills, the term audit is used to determine the accuracy of
Determining the correct transportation charges due the carrier; auditing
involves checking the freight bill for errors, correct rate, and
Automated Broker Interface
The U.S. Customs program to automate the flow of
customs-related information among customs brokers, importers, and
automated guided vehicle system
A computer-controlled materials handling system
consisting of small vehicles (carts) that move along a guideway.
automated storage and retrieval
An automated, mechanized system for moving
merchandise into storage locations and retrieving it when needed.
See Marine Cargo
Total cost, fixed plus variable, divided by total output.
See Air Waybill